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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Polish revolt, when the Tsar sent his famous message to Paris, " L'ordre
rcgne en Varsovie."
The American and British Press, sensitive to issues where principles
were at stake, at length understood that it was not only Poland, but the
principles of democracy which had become endangered—generally
speaking, however, the majority and, in particular, the British Press, did
not know how to react to this hidden danger and mainly limited their
actions to verbal reconnoitring. The Manchester Guardian was the
boldest in attacking the problem, stating that:—
" The British Government was not prepared for such a development,
the Russian reply came as a severe shock to the British as well as to the
Polish Government—the Russian comment on the Polish Declaration will
cause severe disappointment among the Allies.
The Soviet's reply was more severely appraised in the weekly publica-
" Whatever the Russian intention," wrote the Tribune on January 21,
** it is difficult to escape the impression that Moscow's policy tends to over-
step the limits of a policy based on the respect of its neighbour's independ-
ence. This is no longer a matter ofc interference in internal affairs through
revolutionary propaganda.'
" Russian propaganda to Poland is now nationalist, Catholic and re-
actionary in spirit and content. The interference assumes more and more
the character of that sort of pressure and intervention in which * Imperialists *
all over the world have been past masters.
" If Russia means to force a ' friendly ' Government on Poland, then
she acts no better than any Imperialist Government which forces its puppets
upon a dependent country. Russia would then appear to its neighbour,
not as a revolutionary Socialist country, but as an acquisitive Empire in
which the old brutal methods of the Tsarist diplomacy have come back to
" In Russia's recent evolution there have unfortunately been only too
many symptoms which point to a retrogressive trend. The conduct of the
Russian Government in their conflict with the Poles gives ground for the
worst misgivings.
" Has the International been discarded as the national anthem; has the
Russian diplomacy put on the gold-embroidered gala uniforms 3 have the
ghosts of Suvorov and Kutuzov, the heroes of Tsarist Russia, been conjured
up in order that the past, with its reactionary ideals of expansion at the cost
of other nations, should be revived too ? If so, then the Russians cannot
hope for any enthusiasm on the part of Socialists. If so, then Russia
cannot even hope ever to establish a really friendly Polish Government In
Warsaw ... it is our Socialist obligation to raise our voice against attempts
of the strong at trampling over the rights of the weak."
"An open return to the policy of Catherine II, the imposition on Poland
of a government chosen by Moscow, a repetition of the Kuusinen imbecility
of 1939—these are possible Russian policies," Professor D. W. Brogan
wrote in The Spectator. " What all her enemies will see in Russia's Note
is not the desire to have Polish foreign policy defined, but the design to
revive the policy of the successors of Peter the Great and control Polish
policy by tolerating no Government in Poland except a puppet Government
imposed as a prelude to partition."
Just at this time Pravda published its famous cable from Cairo to the